Powershell Split File By Delimiter

If a character is specified which is not the string delimiter in the file, Import-CSV cannot create objects from the CSV strings. dat file (text file) The cut example you link to uses a space delimiter and grabs columns 1 thru 3. -Header string [] An alternate column header row for the imported file. The default is a comma (,). It is preserved and becomes the last item in the section of each file. Summary: Use Windows PowerShell to read a Tab delimited file. Further Reading As this is only a short introduction to PowerShell, it is not possible to show all of the available cmdlets or features of the scripting language. Enter a character, such as a colon (:). This cmdlet allows us to much more easily use PowerShell to write to a file. The sample scripts are provided AS IS without warranty of any kind. Split a string with multiple delimiters. It finds a selected table by numerical order in the html data stream and returns a custom PowerShell object. For each string in the pipeline, the cmdlet splits the input by either a delimiter or a parse expression, and then assigns property names to each of the resulting split. I want to add headers on CSV and i want output file data below format on CSV file (Means, name content should come in one column, Description data should come in another column,Party lockup another column etc ). This is something I would only do temporarily to save a file using a different delimiter. The default is to return all substrings. This is NET classes and NOT PowerShell doing this. PowerShell Tip: How to pass multiple values from a comma-separated file as inputs. I ran into a challenge that involved reading CSV files to extract specific column data by column name. Hi All, I need a unix script to convert. First of all, PowerShell does not have an InStr() or Mid() function, at least version one does not. But according to this :. Quick Tip: Insert New Lines and Tabs into PowerShell Strings Try using the built in way of inserting a tab or a new line into your string in PowerShell. When you specify a delimiter, the file will be split at every instance of that delimiter in the text. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. How to quickly convert a text file to excel file with delimiter? Have you ever tried to convert a text file to an Excel file with delimiters? In this article, I am going to talk about the methods of solving this problem. Oct 10, 2013 • midnightFreddie. You’re aware that Get-WmiObject is not supported in powershell 6. Get a report of your lists and libraries; Create a CSV file from the reports; Create your script; Copy the remaining ASPX and OneNote files; Migrate your site structure without content. The output of choco outdated needs to be parsed and formatted a bit since “|” is the delimiter, so we use the split method and place them into their own properties. String Manipulation: Splitting and Joining Strings I think it's time to get back to some more basic things, so let's get to it. Import a text file to a sheet with or without delimiter. Collections (Arrays) Collections are everywhere in PowerShell; they are the most prevalent of all its data structures. Powershell Tip #110: Replace multiple spaces by one comma. Powershell- Comma Operator and Percentage (%) Alias Ok, I have been dabbling more into the world of PowerShell, and wanted to note a couple of things I have come across. Include external powershell file as part of your script (also known as dot sourcing ). csv, by using the following: -. I am guessing you already have it in. With this command I've taken all PowerShell scripts and "saved" the objects to a CSV file using the Export-CSV cmdlet. So the above line should get parsed into as shown below. This is NET classes and NOT PowerShell doing this. • PowerShell Tutorials • Conditional operators • PowerShell Hashtable • Windows PowerShell Please email me if you have a better example script. Given a large CSV file, how can we split it into smaller pieces? There are many ways to split the file. Hi Experts, i have a text file with 1 -3 lakh records and 5 columns or so each column is seperated by tab delimiter. The first part of each line contains the Thumbprint, so we can ignore the rest and use only the first part. If you specify a number less than the number of substrings, the remaining substrings are concatenated in the last substring. This free utility has been specially designed to split text files into smaller parts. Pick Up the Pieces with the Split, Join Operators. The file is pipe delimited and contains a Reading Pipe Delimited Files in Powershell | Physics Forums. Generate remote registry. Initially a Windows component only, known as Windows PowerShell, it was made open-source and cross-platform on 18 August 2016 with the introduction of PowerShell Core. But there are other instances where delimited files make sense, like when you're more comfortable working with this type of file and the delimiter itself does. Comma separated values are recognized automatically by Microsoft Excel. Using Multiple Delimiters to Split Strings with PowerShell. Powershell. How to split CSV file into multiple files using PowerShell Posted on February 13, 2017 by Adam the 32-bit Aardvark In various situations you may find that you need to evenly divide a large CSV file into multiple smaller files. The first line in the example CSV file is just titles of the columns and we don't want to put that into the SharePoint list. 123,"ABC, DEV 23",345,534. space delimited data to multiple columns I want to separate space delimited data into multiple columns, but Data > Text to Columns is only working for some of the data. Disobey it, and your script will take a while. We can specify a regular expression to split the string into various elements with the Delimiter parameter. Split(“,”) are ignoring CSV that contains quoted/nested commas). I first came across this myself but didn't really pay much attention to it. The default is a comma (,). INI configuration file for your UAG virtual appliance. Splitting up a big CSV file to multiple smaller CSV files using PowerShell Date: July 7, 2017 Author: Andreas 1 Comment Sometimes you have the problem that you get large Excel or CSV lists to work with but you want to split them up by a certain criteria, e. Prerequisite. The file is pipe delimited and contains a Reading Pipe Delimited Files in Powershell | Physics Forums. One of the cool things about the Split method is that it will accept an array of things upon which to split. Collections (Arrays) Collections are everywhere in PowerShell; they are the most prevalent of all its data structures. When I tried both just executing a ps1 file or from the ISE I got the following results: What is going on. PowerShell – Split CSV in 1000 line batches I recently needed to parse a large CSV text file and break it into smaller batches. Tokens and delimiters in action Tokens basically tell the batch file where to look to set the variable (%a). But there are other instances where delimited files make sense, like when you're more comfortable working with this type of file and the delimiter itself does. These two operators are very commonly used in PowerShell scripts because this type of operation is necessary to manipulate strings. How to split string in array. Enter a character, such as a colon (:). With PowerShell, there’s simply no reason to write another batch file. This task is typical and can easily be done with a tool such as Perl or Awk. If you select multiple grouping variables, cases are grouped by each variable within categories of the preceding variable on the Groups Based On list. In our sample (simple) Query, we’re looking for all of the Exchange mailbox “proxyaddresses” for a single specific user. Index Index Working with file paths Test-Path Split-Path Join-Path Resolve-Path Saving and reading data Basic redirection with. Thanks for posting this info. The csv file has three columns. -Credential PSCredential Use a credential to validate access to the file. I get the list and do a foreach loop to output the members one line at a time. The -split operator takes a regular expression, and to split on an arbitrary amount of whitespace, you can use the regexp "\s+". Collections (Arrays) Collections are everywhere in PowerShell; they are the most prevalent of all its data structures. In this tutorial we will look different usage types and examples of Split. The output looks something like this:. This is an example with several random spaces, there are several possible ways to do that : PowerShell. ) -Resolve Display the items that are referenced by the resulting split path instead of displaying the path elements. It looks a lot like Windows DOS and can work similarly. PowerShell automatically converts each line of the text file to an element of the array. Split method is used to split string into separate parts or a string array. It may have some parameters here and there to change up that behavior a bit, but it's solely focused on writing to a file. Regular Expressions with Windows PowerShell. With PowerShell, there’s simply no reason to write another batch file. Here is the sample row. i need to import this file to SQLSERVER 2008. When processing CSV information it is common to transform the strings of comma-separated values into arrays. This article shall describe an approach to working with delimited text files. Text File Splitter is a free Windows utility that allows you to split a large text or log file into multiple, smaller files. How to Split a string by delimited char in SQL Server UmaShankar-Patel, 2013-09-19. Pick Up the Pieces with the Split, Join Operators. Split method with multiple separator characters from PowerShell. Maximum number of substrings. PowerShell Basics: Format-table, or ft for short. Split text with a delimiter and Text Qualifier Posted on 3-September-2006 7-November-2010 by abi. DELIMITER. And I have searched over the internet, but unfortunately still got no answer so far. Split a string with multiple delimiters (self. SYNOPSIS Script Settings File Demo #> The script imports the Settings. Cmdlets and pipes let you pass around objects, but keep in mind that they usually pass around objects (plural), not just an object (singular). csv, by using the following: -. Walkthrough – Parsing log or console output with PowerShell January 5, 2015 September 21, 2017 FoxDeploy As I go from project to project, inevitably a question like this one arises:. Learn how to easily parse delimited text files using ConvertFrom-String in PowerShell 5. CSV to XLS Powershell conversion. This task is typical and can easily be done with a tool such as Perl or Awk. The default delimiter is white space. String Manipulation: Splitting and Joining Strings Some more basic things, The split() method of a string object lets you define a delimiter and "split" the string up into multiple pieces, which are returned as an array. Published March 28, 2018. If all lines in your text file have the same structure, you can use the -split operator directly on the result of Get-Content: (Get-Content 'C:\path\to\your. But what if you prefer a. How can I use Windows PowerShell to read a Tab delimited file? Use the Import-CSV cmdlet and specify a delimiter of `t, for example:. 0 One Cmdlet at a Time - Jonathan Medd. from comma to semicolon. What's more, searching the next I couldn't find a. In this article I will show you a PowerShell script that you can use to find large files on your disks. PowerShell provides an easy way to do it using "split" method in PowerShell. I had to extract file names with a specific string within it. It may be the case that you may only be interested in a part of a lengthy media file. The first step in splitting a filegroup into multiple data files is to add one or more new empty data files to the filegroup. The default is whitespace, but you can specify characters,. This functionality can make short work of parsing plain text, CSV, tab delimitted, or virtually any type of string you can imagine. Compare 2 files with PowerShell. In most of the cases, it will be more than sufficient to use very well-known PowerShell command – Import-Csv. The sample scripts are provided AS IS without warranty of any kind. If you need to use a comma as a delimiter use two or three commas instead of just one, unless the text is a name or something that does not have a comma. Windows PowerShell is a programming language from Microsoft that is primarily designed for system administration. How can I use Windows PowerShell to read a Tab delimited file? Use the Import-CSV cmdlet and specify a delimiter of `t, for example:. Disclaimer The sample scripts are not supported under any Microsoft standard support program or service. The -split operator takes a regular expression, and to split on an arbitrary amount of whitespace, you can use the regexp "\s+". A database table called FileDetails is needed, which matches the data that we are going to import from the pipe delimited flat text files. Here is the sample row. skv files (changing a comma delimited file to a semi colon delimited file). Delimiters are what separate each token. Get-Content will return Array of lines if file has multiple lines. txt extension. If a character is specified which is not the string delimiter in the file, Import-CSV cannot create objects from the CSV strings. PowerShell script to split single-file routines export from MySQL Server. We can also use the Split method to get part of a string from a numbered delimiter, like we saw in some of the above examples. A nifty PowerShell script that will take a delimited CSV file and convert it to a XLSX file. Not the comma! Posted on Saturday 6 February 2016 by richardsiddaway There is a habit among some AD administrators to create their users so that the name is surname, firstname - Note the comma between the two names. Thanks, but this doesn't seem to work. Windows command line for command delimiter. from comma to semicolon. GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. The current article is the second article in our two article series, in which we review the process of Bulk Import contacts to Exchange Online (Office 365) using PowerShell. You can also treat these as cells in an array. But what if you prefer a. Generate remote registry. Tech support scams are an industry-wide issue where scammers trick you into paying for unnecessary technical support services. Powershell’s access to the. Powershell. You can choose any character to be your delimiter. If you face the task of reading a list of file names to parse them, Get-ChildItem is not going to help. ) -Resolve Display the items that are referenced by the resulting split path instead of displaying the path elements. Then you can do one of many things: Write a csv file that is tab delimited. Split method with multiple separator characters from PowerShell. Prerequisite. There are two ways to do this:. Use axis=1 if you want to fill the NaN values with next column data. A file, called MyFile, contains this: Hello World! How are you doing today? Now, let's pretend that we want is the word "World!". As a first class object string carries with it many powerful methods free of charge. PowerShell supports regular expressions in many operators such as -split, -replace, and -match. Comma separated values are recognized automatically by Microsoft Excel. "\s" is a special regexp operator that includes/matches spaces, tabs, vertical tabs, newlines, carriage returns and form feeds: ' ', \t, \v, \n, \r, \f. Choose whether to split cells to columns or rows. Note that the free edition doesn't include actions: Call, Fetch Email, SSH Command, Run Program, Iterate Program, PowerShell, Split Delimited Files, Input. Let's start with the basics and work into the more advanced options. Also, in PowerShell you normally read files either line by line (via Get-Content) or completely (via Get-Content -Raw). 0, Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC), Windows. The number of groups can change based on user. The Split method requires a parameter containing a character array. I'm trying to split a string into an array by space, unless it's quoted, in which case it would all be considered one line. csv file? Unfortunately, some of the values are containing commas. PowerShell provides an easy way to do it using "split" method in PowerShell. In this short article I will share with an example, how to insert comma separated / delimited values in a table in SQL Server using Split function in SQL Server 2005, 2008 and 2012 versions. But in the case where I needed to do this while working on a future article, I wanted to figure out an easy way to accomplish this with little to no work…. So the above line should get parsed into as shown below. The big file is comma delimited. Summary: Use Windows PowerShell to read a Tab delimited file. Pick Up the Pieces with the Split, Join Operators. If you’d like to see what’s included in the default settings file, you can hold down the Alt key and click on the settings button in the dropdown menu. Using the PowerShell "Split" function, a string can be broken up into parts using a custom delimiter. Delimiters are what separate each token. The script is pretty self-explanatory for the first half, standard checking to see if the file shares are there, then checking the files themselves to see if we have any rows which we haven’t marked as processed yet. If you need to use a comma as a delimiter use two or three commas instead of just one, unless the text is a name or something that does not have a comma. It may have some parameters here and there to change up that behavior a bit, but it's solely focused on writing to a file. The file is pipe delimited and contains a Reading Pipe Delimited Files in Powershell | Physics Forums. The split method accepts any delimiter; it can be space, dash, comma or other characters as long as it has a pattern on the string. Microsoft PowerShell is a framework for running scripts and automating tasks using the Microsoft Windows operating system. I wanted to split a row in processed. However, since I am trying to use more Powershell recently, I felt obliged to see how well it could do the job. Go back to your query select Query --> Results to File. Also, the dollar sign "$" need not be escaped if it is the last character in a PowerShell string. First you have to get the content into PowerShell. The default is to return all substrings. Removing quotes from CSV created by PowerShell Posted on March 22, 2016 by Russ In a previous post , I demonstrate how to reshape a comma delimited file (CSV) using PowerShell. I have assumed that there is a flat file which contains multiple lines of information about employee. Change the CSV file extension to TXT (when you open a TXT file with Excel it will start the text file import wizard where you can choose the delimiter) -- or -- In your CSV file(s), use a text editor to replace all commas , with semicolons ;-- or -- In your Windows Control Panel, change your Regional and Language settings. In practice, I've found that CSV is the only format that will guarantee seamless data movement between systems. Once the data is split, it prints the output results below. NET Asterisk Aviation Chr Cisco Data E-Mail exchange File Size fromCharCode How To HP iinet ISO ISO 639 JavaScript jquery Language Little Bay microsoft Milroy Ave MSA 2012fc MSSQL Network Outlook Photoshop power shell RegEx SBS 2011 server 2008 SQL T-SQL Time Lapse trixbox troubleshoot VB. Download the correct uagdeploy or apdeploy ZIP file attached below and extract the files into a folder on your Windows machine. It's kind of odd to use $0 as an example for split, because awk already does that, so you could actually skip the split command and just use $3, $2, $1 (variables which automatically represent the third, second, and first fields, respectively). It looks a lot like Windows DOS and can work similarly. The Split method requires a parameter containing a character array. Thanks for posting this info. Tokens and delimiters in action Tokens basically tell the batch file where to look to set the variable (%a). Split-up any delimited file into file parts of equal size or on column values. PowerShell String to Array to a Foreach Loop. about_Split # SHORT DESCRIPTION Explains how to use the split operator to split one or more strings into substrings. You can choose any character to be your delimiter. txt file into multiple files. -Delimiter '' would effectively behave the same way as -NoNewline (which is currently missing from Out-String - see #3684). I'm looking for way how to split this file into multiple text files. This time, however, the conditional statement if and the cmdlet test-path are used to check if the file exists and if that is true, the script deletes the file. 18 Split Media File. Them you can take those records and split them by the Field Delimiters and finally if the field contains a Subfield delimiter you can split by that. Generate remote registry. Review the result under the Preview section, and click the Split button. Split is a lot better for splitting fields into sub-fields. 3) The output file for where the extracted data will be placed. PowerShell) submitted 3 years ago * by shellandco. I think I can explain it… let’s see… In PowerShell "" refers to a. Hello John, I see your last name is Doe it is nice to meet you. csv) from an external source (e. The PowerShell -split operator splits a single string into an array, based on a delimiter. txt" files in parts while retaining header lines. Then you can do one of many things: Write a csv file that is tab delimited. Each line of the file is a data record. The newline. try this PowerShell script: Split single comma delimited. File System (37) Firewall (3) PowerShell split. In general it will discuss the construction of the connection strings and schema. The VBScript Split function takes a string and returns an array broken up by the delimiter of your choosing. Accessing a non-static member of the class, or to fully qualify a namespace, same as in C# or another object oriented language. The script shows how to read fixed-length text files using PowerShell Script Use PowerShell to Read Fixed-Length Text Files This site uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. Pick Up the Pieces with the Split, Join Operators. How can I use Windows PowerShell to read a Tab delimited file? Use the Import-CSV cmdlet and specify a delimiter of `t, for example:. Your solution: use parenthesis so that PowerShell reads the file first and only and then processes the content: (Get-Content c:\somefile. NOTE: this will make it so Excel no longer correctly displays COMMA separated lists automatically. In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: Excel formula: Split text with delimiter | Exceljet. It reads the text file line by line and splits each line up using the “;” as a delimiter. As a result, if you submit a comma-separated list of strings to the unary split operator, only the first string (before the first comma) is split. The file is pipe delimited and contains a Reading Pipe Delimited Files in Powershell | Physics Forums. Each field. Need to get a list of PST files in use in your enterprise? Look no further! This script should be run with the logged on user’s privileges i. So lets check how the split is defined. txt -totalcount 1 http://windows-powershell-scripts. -Delimiter '' would effectively behave the same way as -NoNewline (which is currently missing from Out-String - see #3684). The -split operator takes a regular expression, and to split on an arbitrary amount of whitespace, you can use the regexp "\s+". But in the case where I needed to do this while working on a future article, I wanted to figure out an easy way to accomplish this with little to no work…. By contrast, by allowing arbitrary terminator strings with -Delimiter, what a terminator terminates is no longer necessarily a line: with a terminator other than a newline (in any of its variations), any number of lines may then occur between instances of the terminator. Use PowerShell to. NET VFR Flight Video. GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. You can also treat these as cells in an array. To split more than one string, use the binary split operator ( -split ). Use PowerShell to split large files by month/year for data loads into FDMEE on PBCS The file was delimited and formatted like the following. Component decided they wouldn't send in pipe-delimited format anymore (getting data from DB2) and it'll be in space / fixed-width delimited. Use axis=1 if you want to fill the NaN values with next column data. I have a input file delimited with commas (,). The Split operator in PowerShell uses a regular expression in the delimiter, rather than a simple character. Rudi mentioned that he'd really like to see a method that would let us Treat Consecutive Delimiters as One; something that is actually pretty easy to find in Excel's old Import as Text file feature. In the context of CSV files, specifically, which are line-oriented, line terminator is the right term. It reads the text file line by line and splits each line up using the “;” as a delimiter. Home » SharePoint » Search, Taxonomy & Metadata » How to convert a Comma Separated File (CSV) to to a Multi-Dimensional Array in Powershell. There may be more options than you realize. CSV files seem simpleuntil you have to work with them and the many different flavours and variables that can affect them. In his continuing series on Powershell one-liners, Michael Sorens provides Fast Food for busy professionals who want results quickly and aren't too faddy. PowerShell provides an easy way to do it using "split" method in PowerShell. Once the line of text has been read from the file, pass it to the TextFieldParser constructor. unary split operator, only the first string (before the first comma) is split. The -split operator takes a regular expression, and to split on an arbitrary amount of whitespace, you can use the regexp "\s+". PowerShell's object nature is fine most of the time, but sometimes we need to dig deep and use the Split and Join operators to break apart strings and put them back together again. To specify a semicolon (;), enclose it in quotation marks. But there are other instances where delimited files make sense, like when you're more comfortable working with this type of file and the delimiter itself does. String Manipulation: Splitting and Joining Strings I think it's time to get back to some more basic things, so let's get to it. If you select multiple grouping variables, cases are grouped by each variable within categories of the preceding variable on the Groups Based On list. We have the same functionality as method in PowerShell. In reality it’s was comparing strings and integers. This page describes two functions that are logical extensions of the VBA SPLIT function to allow splitting a character string using multiple delimiter characters and/or multiple-character delimiters. The split() method of a string object lets you define a delimiter and "split" the string up into multiple pieces, which are returned as an array. PowerShell strings have a split function that enables the simple splitting of a string into an array of strings based on a delimiter character. ) Call the parser ReadFields() to split the comma separated values line into an array of fields. The sample scripts are provided AS IS without warranty of any kind. As you can see this is something I think we may call alternating double-quotes comma delimited file with embedded commas, I simply needed to remove the occasional quotes and replace the delimiter to pipe to be able to process the file preserving the original quotes. PowerShell String to Array to a Foreach Loop. Each month we receive 30 text files containing various medical claim responses. When I tried both just executing a ps1 file or from the ISE I got the following results: What is going on. Hi guys, I have been trapped in this problem for a while. Using Multiple Delimiters to Split Strings with PowerShell. In using the Length property and Split and Replace methods, we can get the right or left side of a string from a delimiter. If you face the task of reading a list of file names to parse them, Get-ChildItem is not going to help. Change output format from Tab Delimited to Custom Delimited. Split Column > By Delimiter parses a text value into two or more columns according to a common character. For each string in the pipeline, the cmdlet splits the input by either a delimiter or a parse expression, and then assigns property names to each of the resulting split. If you face the task of reading a list of file names to parse them, Get-ChildItem is not going to help. You'll notice at the top that there are headings for each column: Computername, IPaddress, Office, and Owner. However I posted this one in one of my post. Therefore, I can split on one or more Unicode characters. I use Excel 2010 and was expecting to be able to do something like 'save as' and select the file type 'CSV (Comma delimited)(*. The PowerShell split operator is used to split strings based on a delimiter. In simple, I want to know "How to use Powershell to save an Excel worksheet as a tab delimited txt file?". How to open a CSV file in Excel and import multiple CSV files in a single workbook in Excel 2016 and 2013. A CSV file can just be thought of like a spreadsheet without all the bells and whistles. e i want to split the text after last occurence of. Split a string with multiple delimiters (self. PowerShell cannot read and write to a file at the same time. Hi - before I start trying to figure out a regex or another way to do this, I thought I'd ask to see if it already exists. Powershell Reading text file. Learn how to easily parse delimited text files using ConvertFrom-String in PowerShell 5. The “,” tells PowersShell that our delimiter is going to be the comma. There are many flavors of delimited text files. Spliting only a part of a text using space as a delimiter Welcome › Forums › General PowerShell Q&A › Spliting only a part of a text using space as a delimiter This topic contains 0 replies, has 1 voice, and was last updated by Forums Archives 7 years, 9 months ago. XLSX) spreadsheet, first you will have to export its content to. While programming, sometimes we need to read some configuration entries from a flat file. Net objects in PowerShell it cannot operate on relatively large files, we were getting an out of memory errors from the PowerShell. Each month we receive 30 text files containing various medical claim responses. ; NK2Edit - Edit, merge and fix the AutoComplete files (. Problem: Rather than create a new ingestion script, we'd rather convert files to pipe-delimited via script. PowerShell was actually quick to process the large CSV file and the resulting files worked fine with Excel. Home / PowerShell / How to get the array as input using Powershell. Hi - before I start trying to figure out a regex or another way to do this, I thought I'd ask to see if it already exists. The split() method of a string object lets you define a delimiter and "split" the string up into multiple pieces, which are returned as an array. The script below is as close as I have gotten. Compare 2 files with PowerShell. -Credential PSCredential Use a credential to validate access to the file. PowerShell: Convert string of comma separated IPs to IPAddress object in a tab delimited file, by with the. You use the Import-CSV command to import comma separated data from a. Published March 28, 2018. SYNOPSIS Script Settings File Demo #> The script imports the Settings. The For command will split each line of file content or command output by the specified numeric token. A CSV file can just be thought of like a spreadsheet without all the bells and whistles. Instead, it returns the strings. files Get-Help Displays information about -Split Splits a string PowerShell 2. Powershell provides string type methods to the string objects.